Now showing items 11-20 of 129
Efficacy comparison of oral rehydration solutions containing either 90 or 75 millimoles of sodium per liter
In a randomized trial, 62 infants 2 to 35 months of age with dehydration due to acute watery diarrhea were allocated to one of two groups: group A received solution A (World Health Organization-recommended oral rehydration ...
Natural history of viruses of the intestine in contrasting ecosystems: implications for health
Many different viruses have the capacity for infecting and replicating in micro-habitats of the intestinal tract. Eons of interaction between intestinal viruses and the intestinal mucosa have lead to a variety of ...
Conocimientos sobre el SIDA en un tugurio y un campamento de refugiados de Costa Rica
Se realizó una encuesta a mediados de 1988 en dos localidades con población marginada: un campamento de refugiados nicaragüenses y un tugurio periurbano. En ambas localidades se seleccionó una muestra representativa ...
How harmful is diarrhoea?
Apart from the physical suffering and deaths that they cause at the individual and family level, diarrhoeal diseases also play a negative role in national development
Facind AIDS in Costa Rica
The 1st AIDS case was diagnosed in Costa Rica in 1985. By January 1988, 47 cases were recorded. Most cases are in hemophiliacs and homosexuals; one is in the heterosexual partner of a hemophiliac. 55% of hemophiliacs in ...
Magnitude and impact of diarrhoeal disease
Diarrhoea seems to be a minor problem in humans and other mammals living in small, isolated tribes or groups. Under such conditions there is limited, if any, introduction of pathogenic agents and, if agents are ...
Infections and infectious diseases in a malnourished population: a long-term prospective field study
The importance of infectious disease and its role in the shaping of the history of mankind has been recognized since Biblical times. Pestilences were recorded in many classical books, while most religions developed ...
Public health implications of low birth weight
The present paper interpets the significance of anthropometric data of newborns from a typical Indian village of Guatemala and from the general population of Costa Rica. A good correlation exists between a deficient fetal ...
Influence of Orally Administered Antibiotics on Faecal pH and Volatile Fatty Acid Concentrations on Infants and Young Children
Faecal specimens were collected from infants and children with common infections who presented to the Paediatrics Outpatient Department of the National Children's Hospital, San Jose, Costa Rica or to the Paediatrics Clinic, ...
Infectious diarrheas of infants and young children
Acute diarrhea' disease was once attributed to "indigestion." Although shigellosis, cholera, salmonellosis, giardiasis, and amebiasis have long been recognized as distinct clinical entities, it was not too long ago ...