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Neutralization of proteolytic and hemorrhagic activities of Costa Rican snake venoms by a polyvalent antivenom
The polyvalent antivenom produced at the Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Costa Rica, was tested for its capacity to neutralize proteolytic and hemorrhagic activities of ten Costa Rican crotaline venoms. In experiments with ...
Inflammatory infiltrate in skeletal muscle injected with Bothrops asper venom
The time-course and composition of inflammatory infiltrate in mouse gastrocnemius injected with Bothrops asper venom was studied. The venom induced myonecrosis, and a prominent decrease in muscle levels of creatine kinase ...
Estudios cariológicos de cinco especies de serpientes costarricenses de la familia colubridae
The karyotypes of five species of colubrid snakes from Costa Rica are as follows: Imuntodes cenchao and Drymobius margaritiferus have a diploid number of 36, with 16 macro- and 20 microchromosomes. The fourth pair is ...
Comparative study of the edema-forming activity of Costa Rican snake venoms and its neutralization by a polyvalent antivenom
The edema-forming activity of eight Costa Rican crotaline snake venoms and its neutralization by a polyvalent antivenom were studied using the mouse footpad test. All of the venoms induced edema, the highest activity being ...
Estudio comparativo de los venenos de serpiente Cascabel (Crotalus durissus durissus) de ejemplares adultos y recien nacidos
Comparative study of venoms of newborn and adult rattlesnakes (Crotalus durissus durissus)
Venoms from adult and newborn Central American rattlesnakes (Crotalus durissus durissus) were compared for lethal, proteolytic, hemorrhagic, myonecrotic, edematigenous and in vitro hemolytic activities. Electrophoretic and ...
Pharmacological activities of a toxic phospholipase A isolated from the venom of the snake Bothrops asper
A toxic phospholipase A was isolated from the venom of Bothrops asper. It induced skeletal muscle damage, anticoagulant effects and edema in the foot pad. The toxin had an intravenous LD50 of 95 micrograms/16-18 g mouse ...
Mecanismo de acción de miotoxinas aisladas de venenos de serpientes
Biochemically and pharmacologically, myotoxins isolated from snake venoms can be placed in four main groups: myolaxic phospholipases A, low molecular weight basic toxins, cardiotoxins, and hemorrhagic myotoxins. The myotoxic ...