Myotoxin II from Bothrops asper (Terciopelo) venom is a lysine-49 phospholipase A2
Gutiérrez, José María
Kaiser, Ivan I.
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A basic, dimeric myotoxic protein, myotoxin II, purified from Bothrops asper venom has a similar molecular weight and is immunologically cross-reactive with antibodies raised to previously isolated B. asper phospholipases A2, except that it shows only 0.1% of the phospholipase activity against L-alpha-phosphatidylcholine in the presence of Triton X-100. Its 121 amino acid sequence, determined by automated Edman degradation, clearly identifies it as a Lys-49 phospholipase A2. Key amino acid differences between myotoxin II and phospholipase active proteins in the Ca2(+)-binding loop region, include Lys for Asp-49, Asn for Tyr-28, and Leu for Gly-32. The latter substitution has not previously been seen in Lys-49 proteins. Other substitutions near the amino terminus (Leu for Phe-5 and Gln for several different amino acids at position 11) may prove useful for identifying other Lys-49 proteins in viperid and crotalid venoms. Myotoxin II shows greater sequence identity with other Lys-49 proteins from different snake venoms (Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus, Bothrops atrox, and Trimeresurus flavoviridis) than with another phospholipase A2 active Asp-49 molecule isolated from the same B. asper venom. This work demonstrates that phospholipase activity per se, is not required in phospholipase molecules for either myotoxicity or edema inducing activities.
External link to the item10.1016/0003-9861(91)90307-5
- Microbiología