Isolation and characterization of synergistic hemorrhagins from the venom of the snake Bothrops asper
Gutiérrez, José María
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Three hemorrhagic factors (BaH1, BH2 and BH3) were isolated from the venom of Bothrops asper by gel filtration on Sephacryl S-200, DEAE-Sepharose chromatography, metal chelate affinity chromatography and hydrophobic interaction chromatography. They contain 55% of the total hemorrhagic activity of the whole venom when they are mixed, but lose almost half of the activity if they are separated, indicating a synergism between the three. The main hemorrhagin is BaH1 (Bothrops asper hemorrhagin 1); the other two are weak hemorrhagins but contribute to the synergism. They are acidic proteins with a pI of 4.5, 5.2 and 5; their mol. wt is 64,000, 26,000 and 55,000 respectively. The minimal hemorrhagic dose (MHD) of BaH1, BH2 and BH3 is 0.18, 2 and 1.6 micrograms, with a specific activity 55, 5 and 6.25 higher than that of the whole venom. The hemorrhagic activity of all three factors was inhibited by EDTA and ortho-phenathroline, indicating that the hemorrhagic activity is metal dependent. Phosphoramidon, soybean trypsin inhibitor, PMSF, pepstatin and aprotinin did not affect the hemorrhagic activity of the isolated factors.
External link to the item10.1016/0041-0101(93)90129-7
- Microbiología