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dc.creatorRamírez Chan, Karol Gabriela
dc.creatorShea, Daniel T.
dc.creatorMcKim, Daniel B.
dc.creatorReader, Brenda F.
dc.creatorSheridan, John F.
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-17T20:19:01Z
dc.date.available2019-06-17T20:19:01Z
dc.date.issued2015-05
dc.identifier.citationhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0889159115000240?via%3Dihub#ak005es_ES
dc.identifier.issn0889-1591
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10669/77444
dc.description.abstractPsychosocial stress is associated with altered immunity, anxiety and depression. Previously we showed that repeated social defeat (RSD) promoted microglia activation and social avoidance behavior that persisted for 24 days after cessation of RSD. The aim of the present study was to determine if imipramine (a tricyclic antidepressant) would reverse RSD-induced social avoidance and ameliorate neuroinflammatory responses. To test this, C57BL/6 mice were divided into treatment groups. One group from RSD and controls received daily injections of imipramine for 24 days, following 6 cycles of RSD. Two other groups were treated with saline. RSD mice spent significantly less time in the interaction zone when an aggressor was present in the cage. Administration of imipramine reversed social avoidance behavior, significantly increasing the interaction time, so that it was similar to that of control mice. Moreover, 24 days of imipramine treatment in RSD mice significantly decreased stress-induced mRNA levels for IL-6 in brain microglia. Following ex vivo LPS stimulation, microglia from mice exposed to RSD, had higher mRNA expression of IL-6, TNF-a, and IL-1b, and this was reversed by imipramine treatment. In a second experiment, imipramine was added to drinking water confirming the reversal of social avoidant behavior and decrease in mRNA expression of IL-6 in microglia. These data suggest that the antidepressant imipramine may exert its effect, in part, by down-regulating microglial activation.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Institute of Mantal Health/[R01 MH097243-02]/NIMH/Estados Unidoses_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Institute of Mantal Health/[R01 MH093473-03]/NIMH/Estados Unidoses_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Institute of Mantal Health/[T32 DE014320-13]/NIMH/Estados Unidoses_ES
dc.language.isoen_USes_ES
dc.sourceBrain, Behavior, and Immunity; vol.46, pp.212-220es_ES
dc.subjectPsychosocial stresses_ES
dc.subjectSocial defeates_ES
dc.subjectImipraminees_ES
dc.subjectSocial avoidancees_ES
dc.subjectMicrogliaes_ES
dc.subject155.904 2 Estréses_ES
dc.titleImipramine attenuates neuroinflammatory signaling and reverses stress-induced social avoidancees_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.bbi.2015.01.016
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Docencia::Salud::Facultad de Odontologíaes_ES


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