A Review on Phytochemicals (Including Essential Oils and Extracts) Inclusion in Feed and Their Effects on Food Producing Animals
Granados Chinchilla, Fabio
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This report is intended to give an overlook at the essential oil and phytochemical applications on food producing animals when applied to feed. The first part aims to illustrate that gas chromatography coupled with mass detection (GC/MS) has become powerful tool for phytochemistry and some examples of typical constituents found in essential oils; relevant cases are mentioned (especially those oils extracted from plants found in tropical regions). Secondly, a brief overview of the most recent research encompassing the in vitro ability of some essential oils and phytochemicals to limit food borne bacterial growth is depicted. Finally, herein the reader will find some recent and relevant examples of essential oils and phytochemicals that are commonly used as additives in the feed, based on their beneficial properties for the animal (with particular attention as potential substitutes for antibiotic growth promoters). Hence, the review focuses specifically on three parts: i. chemical composition and analysis of plant derived active substances, ii. In vitro antimicrobial activity of plant derived substances and, iii. essential oils and extracts applications in feed including poultry, cattle, rabbits, fish, pigs, and examples of other species.
- Tecnología en Alimentos 
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