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dc.creatorGranados Chinchilla, Fabio
dc.creatorMolina Alvarado, Andrea
dc.creatorChavarría Molina, Guadalupe
dc.creatorAlfaro Cascante, Margarita
dc.creatorBogantes Ledezma, Diego
dc.creatorMurillo Williams, Adriana
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-25T19:45:22Z
dc.date.available2019-09-25T19:45:22Z
dc.date.issued2017-12
dc.identifier.citationhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0956713517303225#ack0010es_ES
dc.identifier.issn0956-7135
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10669/79165
dc.description.abstractAflatoxins (AFs) are toxic metabolites produced by Aspergillus spp. and commonly found in crops, grains, feedstuff, and forages. Exposure to AFs has been associated with increased risk of liver cancer and growth retardation in humans, liver damage, immunosuppression, embryotoxicity in both animals and humans, and decreased milk, egg and meat production in animals. For the first time, the Costa Rican national mycotoxin surveillance programs for animal feed and food are considered as a whole, applying the One Health approach to the mycotoxin epidemiological research. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of AFs in cereals, nuts, grains intended for animal and human consumption in Costa Rica. In animal feed and feed ingredients, 970 samples were analyzed for AFs from 2010 to 2016 with an overall prevalence of positive samples of 24.0% (ranging from 0.01 to 290 μg kg−1). Only 2.5% of the samples failed to comply the regulation for total AFs (20 μg kg−1 feed). From 5493 samples of agricultural commodities intended for human consumption analyzed from 2003 to 2015, there was an overall prevalence of AF positive samples of 10.8% (ranging from 0.48 to 500 μg kg−1), and 2.8% did not comply the regulation for AFs (20 μg kg−1). In both feed and food, the highest AF prevalence corresponded to corn ingredients (27.8%) and white corn (38.6%), respectively. Among the commodities intended for human consumption, red beans had the highest aflatoxin concentrations (500 μg kg−1).es_ES
dc.language.isoen_USes_ES
dc.sourceFood Control, vol.82, pp.217-226es_ES
dc.subjectAflatoxinses_ES
dc.subjectCerealses_ES
dc.subjectFoodses_ES
dc.subjectFeedstuffses_ES
dc.subjectOne Health approaches_ES
dc.subjectFood chaines_ES
dc.titleAflatoxins occurrence through the food chain in Costa Rica: Applying the One Health approach to mycotoxin surveillancees_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.foodcont.2017.06.023
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Investigación::Unidades de Investigación::Ciencias Agroalimentarias::Centro de Investigación en Nutrición Animal (CINA)es_ES
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Investigación::Unidades de Investigación::Ciencias Agroalimentarias::Centro para Investigaciones en Granos y Semillas (CIGRAS)es_ES
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Docencia::Ciencias Agroalimentarias::Facultad de Ciencias Agroalimentarias::Escuela de Zootecniaes_ES


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