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dc.creatorSerrano Moreno, Walter
dc.creatorSalazar Villanea, Mónica
dc.creatorOrtega Araya, Luis Enrique
dc.creatorJohnson, David K.
dc.creatorChacón Araya, Yamileth
dc.creatorMoncada Jiménez, José
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-05T21:08:33Z
dc.date.available2021-08-05T21:08:33Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationhttp://www.scholink.org/ojs/index.php/rhs/article/view/2429es_ES
dc.identifier.issn2470-6205
dc.identifier.issn2470-6213
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10669/84264
dc.description.abstractPurpose: To compare nutritional habits, physical function and psychological constructs between Costa Rican older adults from urban and rural zones. Methods: Male and female older adults aged ≥ 65 yr. from urban (n = 185) and rural (n = 109) Costa Rica were assessed on nutritional habits, physical function measures, and cognitive function by a face-to-face interview. Results: Rural older adults consumed more daily carbohydrates, protein, and energy at breakfast and lunch (p < 0.05 for all), and more carbohydrates (p ≤ 0.001), fat (p = 0.002), protein (p ≤ 0.001), and energy (p ≤ 0.001) at dinner than urban elderly. Aerobic power (p = 0.044) was higher in urban compared to rural elderly. A correlation was found between aerobic power and global fatigue (r = -0.20, p = 0.014) in urban elderly. Lifetime cognitive activity correlated to total energy (r = 0.37, p = 0.003), carbohydrate (r = 0.37, p = 0.002), and protein (r = 0.34, p = 0.005) consumption in rural elderly. Higher depression scores (p = 0.048), and lower lifetime cognitive activity were observed in urban compared to rural elderly (p = 0.004). Conclusion: The health profile is positive for either group depending on the variable analyzed, except for a higher aerobic power, which provides benefits to the entire cohort.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipFIC Epidemiology and Development of Alzheimer’s Disease/[R21TW009665]/EDAD/Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUS National Institute of Aging Alzheimer’s Disease Core Center/[P30AG010129]//Estados Unidoses_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.sourceResearch in Health Science, vol.4(4), pp.372-393es_ES
dc.subjectNursinges_ES
dc.subjectHealthy aginges_ES
dc.subjectNutritiones_ES
dc.subjectHealthy eatinges_ES
dc.subjectCognitiones_ES
dc.subjectGenderes_ES
dc.subjectRurales_ES
dc.subjectUrbanes_ES
dc.titleA comparison of physical function, nutritional habits and neurocognitive constructs between urban and rural Costa Rican older adultses_ES
dc.typeartículo científicoes_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.22158/rhs.v4n4p372
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Investigación::Unidades de Investigación::Ciencias Sociales::Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Movimiento Humano (CIMOHU)es_ES
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Investigación::Unidades de Investigación::Ciencias Sociales::Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas (IIP)es_ES


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