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dc.creatorMendoza Herrera, Kenny
dc.creatorMonge Rojas, Rafael
dc.creatorO'Neill, June
dc.creatorSmith Castro, Vanessa
dc.creatorMattei, Josiemer
dc.date.accessioned2022-06-03T17:16:32Z
dc.date.available2022-06-03T17:16:32Z
dc.date.issued2022-05-31
dc.identifier.citationhttps://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/14/11/2314#citees_ES
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10669/86677
dc.description.abstractBackground. Whereas parental feeding styles (PFS) influence children’s diet, less is known about this relationship in adolescents. Methods. A cross-sectional study in 686 Costa Rican adolescents (13–18 years) evaluated 4 validated PFS scores: healthy eating verbal encouragement; scolding; directly controlling diet; instrumental/emotional. Diet was evaluated through 3-day food records, deriving a Traditional Costa Rica Adolescents Diet Score (TCRAD). Excess weight (EW) measured by BMI was dichotomized following standards. Regression-based mediation analysis estimated the overall and sex-stratified odds ratios of EW for natural direct (NDE), natural indirect (NIE), and total effects (TE) of the pathway PFS-TCRAD-EW. Results. A one-unit increase in the direct control PFS score was associated with higher EW odds overall [(TE: 1.55; 95% CI: 1.04–2.31; p-value = 0.033), (NDE: 1.52; 95% CI: 1.02–2.27; p-value = 0.039)], and in boys [(TE: 2.13; 95% CI: 1.04–4.38; p-value = 0.039), (NDE: 2.10; 95% CI: 1.03–4.31; p-value = 0.042)]. Nonsignificant mediation by TCRAD was observed for the healthy eating verbal encouragement PFS overall (p-value = 0.06). Associations for the instrumental/emotional and scolding PFS were not significant. Conclusions. Direct diet control from parents may contribute to adolescents’ excess weight, particularly among boys. Parents encouraging healthy eating might support adolescents’ healthy weight through a healthy diet. Longitudinal research should clarify the association between PFS and diet-related outcomes among diverse adolescents.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipMinisterio de Salud de Costa Rica/[DMFG- 4854-14 y DM-FG.1748-2018]//Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipConsejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología/[]/CONACYT/Méxicoes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipHarvard University/[]//Estados Unidoses_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.sourceNutrients 14(11), 2314, 2022es_ES
dc.subjectParental feeding styleses_ES
dc.subjectDietes_ES
dc.subjectMEDIATIONes_ES
dc.subjectExcess weightes_ES
dc.subjectCOSTA RICAes_ES
dc.titleAssociation between Parental Feeding Styles and Excess Weight, and Its Mediation by Diet, in Costa Rican Adolescentses_ES
dc.typeartículo científicoes_ES
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/ nu14112314
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Investigación::Unidades de Investigación::Ciencias Sociales::Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas (IIP)es_ES


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