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The function of female resistance behavior: Intromission by male coercion vs. female cooperation in sepsid flies (Diptera: Sepsidae)

dc.creatorEberhard Chabtree, William G.
dc.date2014-10-20
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-03T15:28:18Z
dc.date.available2016-05-03T15:28:18Z
dc.identifierhttp://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/rbt/article/view/16430
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10669/26343
dc.descriptionFemale resistance behavior that occurs prior to intromission does not by itself imply forced copulation. Such behavior may function instead as a test of the male in order to favor some males over others, or to induce the male to desist. Thus, male persistence and forcefulness may sometimes be better described as persuasion rather than coercion. Under the persuasion hypothesis, the male only gains intromission due to an active response of the female. Under the coercion hypothesis, male and female are opposed in a physical battle which the female loses if copulation occurs. In species in which males are morphologically incapable of forcing intromission without active female cooperation (I argue here that this is probably a very common situation), data on the behavioral and ecological context in which resistance occurs can distinguish between the two possibilities. Partially congruent functions of resistance, seen from the female point of view, are female resistance to screen (male persuasion), and female resistance to avoid males non-selectively (male coercion). Sepsid flies illustrate these ideas. Females often struggle energetically in apparent attempts to dislodge mounted males and to prevent intromission, and males grasp females with powerful species-specific structures on their front legs and genitalia. This suggests the possibility of coerced intromission. But behavioral and morphological evidence demonstrate that active female cooperation occurs at the moment of intromission, and that males are probably dependent on this cooperation because they are not morphologically equipped to force their genitalia into those of an uncooperative female. Despite the impression from previous publications, male insects in general may seldom be able to achieve intromission by genitalic force. The species-specific forms of the grasping genitalia of male sepsids are probably not the result of an evolutionary arms race between coercive males and unselectively resistant femalesen-US
dc.descriptionEste artículo intenta organizar algunas ideas teóricassobre posibles conflictos entre machos y hembras en cuantoa la cópula. Las ideas se ilustran con datos nuevos de unafamilia de moscas (Sepsidae), y con otros datos ya publicadossobre otros insectos. El hecho de que una hembra oponeresistencia a la penetración por el macho no implica ensí mismo que la cópula es forzada, ya que la resistencia dela hembra también puede funcionar como una prueba delmacho, para así tamizar entre diferentes machos y conseguirhijos superiores. Se contrastan dos hipótesis para elmacho, la de la cópula por coerción vs. la de la cópula porpersuasión; también se contrastan, desde la perspectiva dela hembra, dos hipóteses relacionadas, la resistencia paraevitar a todo macho en forma no selectiva vs. la resistenciapara tamizar entre machos. Cuando la morfología de la genitaliade los dos sexos es tal que el macho no es físicamentecapaz de forzar la intromisión, como es el caso en lasmoscas sépsidas y probablemente en muchos otros insectos(a pesar de algunas publicaciones que sugieren lo contrario),las hipótesis contrastantes para cada sexo pueden resolversecon datos sobre el contexto ecológico en el cualocurre la interacción macho-hembra. Se realizó un análisisde esta clase con los sépsidos. Parece más probable que laresistencia energética que la hembra pone al macho sea unesfuerzo para tamizar entre machos que un esfuerzo paraevitar la cópula en forma no selectiva.es-ES
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherUniversidad de Costa Ricaen-US
dc.rightsCopyright (c) 2014 International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservationen-US
dc.sourceRevista de Biología Tropical/International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation; Vol. 50(2) June 2002; 485-505en-US
dc.sourceRevista de Biología Tropical/International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation; Vol. 50(2) June 2002; 485-505es-ES
dc.sourceRevista Biología Tropical; Vol. 50(2) June 2002; 485-505pt-PT
dc.source2215-2075
dc.source0034-7744
dc.subjectsexual selectionen-US
dc.subjectcryptic female choiceen-US
dc.subjectmale-female conflicten-US
dc.subjectsepsidaeen-US
dc.titleThe function of female resistance behavior: Intromission by male coercion vs. female cooperation in sepsid flies (Diptera: Sepsidae)en-US
dc.titleThe function of female resistance behavior: Intromission by male coercion vs. female cooperation in sepsid flies (Diptera: Sepsidae)es-ES
dc.typeartículo científicoes_ES


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